AskDefine | Define dysphasia

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. loss of or deficiency in the power to use or understand language as a result of injury or disease of the brain

See also

Extensive Definition

mergeto aphasia
Dysphasia should not be confused with the similarly pronounced dysphagia, which is a difficulty swallowing.
Dysphasia (/dɪsˈfe(ɪ)zjə/) is a language disorder in which there is an impairment of speech and of comprehension of speech. It is caused by brain damage, usually in the left side of the brain which is responsible for language and communication. The word comes from the Greek dys- (impairment) and phasia (φασια) (speech).
The term dysphasia has been eclipsed by the modern usage of the term "aphasia" particularly in the field of speech/language pathology so as not to confuse with the swallowing disorder "dysphagia". Aphasia literally means no speech. But the speech impairment in aphasia could range from complete absence of speech to difficulty in naming a few objects. Aphasia is generally tested on the basis of comprehension of speech, fluency of speech, repetition, and naming of objects. On this basis, aphasia can be classified as global aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, Broca's aphasia, conduction aphasia, transcortical motor aphasia, transcortical sensory aphasia, or anomic aphasia.

External links

dysphasia in Spanish: Disfasia
dysphasia in German: Dysphasie
dysphasia in Finnish: Dysfasia
dysphasia in French: Dysphasie
dysphasia in Italian: Disfasia
dysphasia in Portuguese: Disfasia
dysphasia in Urdu: خلل کلام

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

aphasia, aphonia, artificial voice, broken speech, broken tones, broken voice, childish treble, choked voice, cracked voice, croak, crow, dysarthria, dyslalia, dyslogia, dysphonia, dysphrasia, echolalia, falsetto, harshness, hawking voice, hiss, hoarseness, hysterical aphonia, idioglossia, idiolalia, impairment of speech, imperfect speech, incoherence, lisp, lisping, loss of voice, mutism, muzzy speech, nasal tone, nasalization, psychophonasthenia, quaver, shake, sibilation, speech defect, speech impediment, tremor, twang, verbigeration
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